A $1 trillion AI revolution in Real Estate is happening now. How to profit from it?

A $1 trillion AI revolution in Real Estate is happening now. How to profit from it?
Artificial Intelligence is soaring and growing at a rate several times faster than the internet and mobile phones. Today, we'll discuss the international real estate market and AI, and how to leverage it. This will be a detailed breakdown of the topic.

Is AI Just Hype or a Mega Trend? This topic is thoroughly analyzed in the $80 billion COATUE fund report, which invests in AI (I will attach a link to this research at the bottom of the article). AI is proving to be so beneficial that it is here to stay in our lives and is likely to transform many markets within a couple of years.

After searching for information online, I realized that many articles about AI in real estate are just general words without deep meaning or practical application. All these years of working with AI have given me something interesting for you, and I think this information cannot be found anywhere but in this article. I decided to detail my eight years of experience in real estate AI and the conclusions I have reached.

I am convinced that over the next five years, artificial intelligence will act as a catalyst for creating approximately 100 (just a nice round number, not necessarily exactly 100) new billionaires, free humanity from many unnecessary actions, and facilitate the redistribution of resources into new areas vital for humanity. This topic deserves attention, and AI in real estate is a great opportunity. So please, read on.
5 Brief Theses on How AI Will Impact Real Estate and All of Us:

  1. $1 trillion in investments will be redistributed among cities over the next approximately 5-10 years.
  2. Over 30% of realtors will change their jobs.
  3. Up to 100 million people globally will relocate in 5-10 years.
  4. I am convinced that over the next five years, artificial intelligence will act as a catalyst for creating approximately 100 (just a nice round number, not necessarily exactly 100) new billionaires, free humanity from many unnecessary actions, and facilitate the redistribution of resources into new areas vital for humanity. This topic deserves attention, and AI in real estate is a great opportunity. So please, read on.
  5. Tens of Thousands of new dollar millionaires will emerge soon.

I will present my arguments on this matter and invite discussion in the comments, where readers can point out potential errors or illogical conclusions.

I have gathered some really interesting materials on AI and real estate and will share my arguments and provide links to real-world AI models in real estate. I will continue to add materials over time, as well as new arguments and ways AI can be used in real estate (please write comments and attach new links - I will incorporate them into the article and credit the authors of these ideas or materials)

Did they know it?

To capture your interest now, I will give an interesting short example of AI power in real estate (and the details will be fully discussed in the middle of the article)
In London's cheapest area, Barking, the average prices are $6500 per square meter with low-quality real estate 1h away from the city center plus a high criminal area, 35%+ TAX, $6000 live spending/m) whereas the neighborhood "Hartland" (10 min from the city center, 0 criminal, 0% tax, $4000 live spending/m in Dubai offers business-class homes ( pool, doorman, gym, lobby) at $6300 per square meter. The cost difference between these places is VERY significant. The real difference between these two places in price/quality is 300% (meaning if sell in a London apartment you can buy 3 similar quality properties in Dubai). This means that any property owner in Barking could sell their property today and purchase three similar properties, rent out two of them, and potentially never have to work again (receiving rent).
Before We Begin

Before delving into the topic of artificial intelligence, I would like to explore the key challenges of the real estate market and also discuss lesser-known examples from various fields where digitalization has progressed faster than in real estate (e.g., e-commerce and the development of the stock market). Examples from other sectors and some lesser-known facts from related fields will help us better understand the development of AI in real estate and foresee where it will be in 5 years, allowing us to capitalize on this.

The real estate market is slow, and there is a GAP (discrepancy) between market events and participants' reactions, which can extend up to 6-12 months.

The real estate market is characterized by its sluggishness, especially when compared to the stock market. It's not only slow but also relatively predictable. For instance, events such as changes in mortgage rates or economic crises usually reflect on demand within 1-2 months. However, during crises, especially in developing countries, there tends to be a trend of investing in real estate as a protective tool to preserve capital (meaning real estate sales don’t drop but instead rapidly increase in the initial stages of a crisis). In contrast, changes in real estate prices following a demand drop occur within 4-6 months in developing countries (take Russia, Argentina, or UAE, for example) and within 2-3 months in developed markets (like the USA, where the market reaction is quicker due to greater transparency). Meanwhile, stock market prices can change by 50% in a single day.

By analyzing changes in real estate demand, one can accurately predict price trends in the real estate market for the next 4-6 months. If you're ahead of other market participants, it’s almost impossible to lose: during a crisis, you need to be the first to sell properties, even at a discount, and at the beginning of a market rise, to understand this before others. This 'GAP' can be verified by comparing property price charts of a city with sharp changes in mortgage rates or with changes in the stock market. The entire market's sluggishness provides an advantage to those who react faster during a crisis. The key question is: how to understand what's happening before everyone else?

Most property owners are convinced that real estate values always increase, and this belief is reinforced by strong emotional attachment.

The emotional bond with real estate is strengthened by significant life events and the fact that people spend over 50% of their time in living spaces. This emotional attachment and belief in the constant increase in property values make the market resistant to sharp price fluctuations. Rarely do real estate prices drop more than 30% in a single year, a situation influenced by the limited number of listings on the market, supporting its stability.

The average annual real estate turnover is up to 2% of the total market volume, with approximately the same percentage of new housing being built annually. This means that a complete cycle of ownership change in the market occurs roughly once every 85 years. Additionally, the demolition of properties is rare, with up to 1% of housing being removed from circulation annually. This suggests that the volume of real estate in the market is gradually increasing. Therefore, the popular saying, "Buy land, they're not making it anymore," doesn't always align with the realities of earning from real estate. There is still plenty of land, and its value is often determined by surrounding infrastructure and nearby buildings. The market's low turnover and owners' emotional attachment make it more predictable than the stock market. Essentially, if one gathers as much data as possible and understands people's behavioral strategies, does this open up opportunities for low-risk, high-reward trading in the market?
Real estate has arguably created more millionaires than any other sector in the economy.

Although exact data is lacking, a general analysis of various factors suggests a certain logic. If we consider the total number of millionaires worldwide, real estate likely stands as the field that has produced more dollar millionaires than any other industry or asset type. Why? Because real estate is the world's largest asset, and its use is widespread across all demographics. Unlike the internet, which is used by no more than 95% of the world's population, everyone uses real estate, making it a unique and all-encompassing asset. Someone aiming to make millions of dollars is more likely to achieve this in the real estate market than in stocks, business, or any other sphere.

The average property purchasing process takes about 3 months, and from the point of initiating a property transaction to its entry in the transaction register, it can take up to 6 months (typically around 3 months).

The primary path of a real estate buyer starts with online searches, where the main traffic goes to listing boards. Developers of new constructions invest in advertising their projects. In the first month, a client usually contacts around 15 sellers, both through listings and specialized websites. This is followed by a period of 1-2 months, involving calls, messaging in WhatsApp, and visiting properties. Then, a down payment is made, or a booking form is signed for new constructions. Two weeks later, funds are transferred, followed by a two-week procedure for registering the deal. Government sources typically update transaction data about a month later. In the case of new constructions in Dubai, it can take an average of three months from payment to registry update. Therefore, from the first call of a buyer to the completion of the deal, it usually takes an average of three months, and about 5-6 months for this information to become available to global analysts. By analyzing the number of calls and requests, one can predict what will happen with demand and how this will be reflected in the registries in six months.

The food chain in real estate operates as follows:

The residential real estate food chain starts with the landowner, who often acquires it through inheritance or by law. This owner sells the land to a developer, whose financing is either through the founder's personal funds or through external investors. The developer designs the project and obtains the necessary documentation, often forming Joint Ventures where large investors and funds acquire a stake in the project, expecting up to a 25% annual increase.

As soon as the project gets visualizations and layouts, investors step in, buying entire floors for subsequent retail resale. Before the project begins, the developer tries to gather as many pre-orders (EOIs) as possible, involving retail investors buying 1-2 apartments. The final apartment prices at the project launch are set based on the volume of pre-orders.

Both retail investors and end-buyers participate in the project launch phase. Investors purchase real estate with different goals: for quick resale, for sale after a few years, or for rental to generate income from value appreciation and rental payments. When the building is completed, investors enter the market, renting out apartments for long-term or short-term leases, along with end-buyers purchasing homes on mortgages.

The next stage involves renters subletting or renting out properties daily, and those working in the secondary market looking for quick resale deals. Each stage has various financing options from banks and non-financial organizations, with more developed markets offering more financing options.

In one project on a single market, there can be up to 20 different real estate investment strategies with varying conditions and terms. Each participant seeks a return on capital ranging from 2x (less risky participants) to 5x (more risky participants) over the central bank rate. Current practice includes manual analysis of hundreds of projects in one city to determine the most promising for a particular project, using tools like Excel for data collection and analysis. Surprisingly, most projects eventually find their investors and buyers at all stages, although the question remains: are all these projects successful, or do the top 10% take everything, leaving the remaining 90% to pay for this success? It's likely that not all projects, and not even 50%+, can be more profitable than the bank financing rate at all stages of the project
The Real Estate Lending Market

Real estate financing, both from banks and non-banking organizations, is based on two key factors: 1) the value of the property and its liquidation value; 2) the borrower's income and their ability to repay the loan.

In lending, it is acknowledged that the loan amount usually doesn’t equal the property's full value. To secure a loan, borrowers often need to have 10% or 30% of the property value as their own funds. This ratio, known as LTV (loan-to-value), should be the primary criterion in loan issuance.

Banks and lenders can always reclaim their funds by selling the mortgaged property through court, although this can be time-consuming, and sometimes there are social restrictions. Eventually, the property can be sold for about 70% of its value, and the lender recovers their money plus interest. The main task for the lender is to accurately assess the property's value and react to its depreciation over time through reassessment.

However, most banks focus on borrowers, missing a significant portion of the market, including investors who improve properties and find tenants. In the USA alone, the real estate financing market is developed and represented by a short-term loan industry worth $35 billion. The situation in the rest of the world is different: real estate is often financed through mortgages and is mainly available to stably employed staff of large companies.

How Real Estate Prices Are Formed and Non-Standard Cases

Real estate prices largely depend on their location, especially proximity to the city center. This trend is confirmed by analyzing 114 cities worldwide, except for resort cities and places where properties are mainly purchased by non-local residents.

The second most significant factor is the class or quality of the property, followed by parameters like the property's size, then hundreds of other criteria, including floor, layout, view, the presence of renovations, etc. Simplifying, location and proximity to the city center form about 70% of a property's value, while all other factors collectively make up about 30%.

However, there are exceptions that make up about 10% of all properties worldwide. These non-standard cases fall into two groups: 1) The reputation of the house or area - for example, an area known for housing celebrities, wealthy people, or government officials, may be more expensive, even if it's far from the center; 2) Community and amenities - in Dubai, for instance, proximity to the center is almost irrelevant, but the quality of amenities and infrastructure plays a significant role. This is because most buyers in Dubai are not locals (90%), for whom there's no attachment to work or historical ties to the city center.

Pricing in Resort Real Estate and New Cities

In real estate markets primarily bought by non-locals, such as in Dubai, pricing often depends not so much on location but on the quality and features of the community, such as cottage settlement characteristics, amenities, and the audience. The main driving force behind price growth in such markets is often an active advertising campaign by real estate agencies and developers. Their efforts to promote the market among potential buyers can significantly increase demand and, consequently, property prices.

For example, in Dubai, without intensive marketing campaigns, real estate sales volumes could be 80% lower. In cities dominated by foreign buyers, such as resort towns, new cities, or cities without a long history, demand for real estate is mainly determined by the volume of marketing efforts by developers and real estate agencies. The more it's talked about, the more active the purchases are.

External events can also significantly impact the market. For instance, the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and subsequent mobilization actions led to an increase in demand for real estate in Dubai, which in turn doubled the value in some areas like Bluewaters, Palm, Bulgari Residences, Dubai Hills, and tripled the volumes of sales and rentals in a year.

Therefore, predicting the growth in value of real estate in such locations using traditional methods applicable, for example, in London, may be ineffective.

How the Stock and Share Market Has Changed from the 1980s to Today (useful to know because the real estate market is following the same path)

Before the 1980s, the stock market functioned without electronic trading systems. Trading was done by the Open Outcry method, where traders shouted and used hand signals to indicate their intentions to buy or sell, and communication with clients was maintained by phone. After the client's decision on the deal, the process could take from a few minutes to fifteen minutes.

Since the 1980s, the stock market has undergone active development and acceleration. Today, almost all stock trading is electronic, with transactions occurring in fractions of a second. Companies sought to outperform competitors by obtaining market information and making decisions faster, where even one second could provide a significant advantage in algorithmic trading.

The development and increased transparency of the stock market have led to a significant increase in its volume over the last 40 years due to attracting private investors and increasing capital in funds. This confirms that retail customers are inclined to enter markets with transparent rules of the game: the more transparent the market, the larger it is, and all participants usually benefit from its openness and transparency.

The second conclusion is that the speed of information retrieval and reaction in the era of technological development in the market allows earning billions. Although this advantage may disappear over time, the most capital is created when some have speed, and others do not.
Google was not the first internet search engine but outperformed everyone. Why? (useful to know because the real estate market is following the same path)

Google was not the first internet search engine, but it surpassed all competitors. Early search engines like AltaVista, AOL, and Yahoo were useful at the beginning of the internet's mass spread, providing access to information instead of long searches in libraries or through the yellow pages. However, as people became accustomed to the internet, they began to desire search results in seconds, not minutes.

Google stood out with its efficient search capabilities, allowing users to find the information they needed much faster than other search engines. This led to the joke that if you need to hide something, bury it on the second page of Google results, as most users never went beyond the first page, finding optimal results there.

Although Google's search technology was not unique in itself, the company quickly gained popularity. In 2000, Google was only eighth in traffic volume, while leading companies considered it a niche player. However, they ignored an important aspect - Google's potential in improving search quality. This could technically be implemented, but it did not fit their business models.

Google's key to success was its innovative business model with targeted advertising, launched two years after its founding. Unlike Yahoo and others who earned from selling banner ads with pay-per-view, Google focused on the quality of search and targeting ads, attracting advertisers and users. For other companies, improving search quality could have destroyed their revenues, so they did not bet on it and eventually lost. This lesson will be useful when discussing access to listings and ways to monetize users on online platforms.

Amazon survived the dot-com crash, and dozens of e-commerce companies did not (useful to know because it's not customary to buy real estate online, but that won't be for long)

During the rapid growth of the internet audience and the dot-com bubble, numerous companies launched the sale of various products online. These were sites like (pet products), (toys), (food), and Amazon, which started exclusively with books.

I believe Amazon's conscious choice to start with books played a significant role in their success. While toys, pet supplies, and food could easily be found in any store, a specific book had to be searched throughout the city. Amazon offered a solution to this problem, providing a selection 50-100 times greater than even the largest bookstores, along with convenient database search. This earned the company a loyal audience even during the dot-com crash.

Amazon’s choice of product for online sales was deliberate, focusing on books. This helped them gain popularity and recognition. Only after a successful start with books did Amazon gradually expand its range, adding similar products like CDs and tapes. When a new market is developing, such as online real estate sales, choosing the wrong product category can be a critical mistake. The initial surge of interest from innovators may be followed by indifference from the majority of buyers, and the company may not gain fans in time. This lesson will be useful when discussing real estate sales online without realtors
Data Sources in Real Estate and Their Reliability

The effectiveness of AI in real estate directly depends on the availability and quality of data. In some countries, like the USA, extensive data such as MLS systems for advertising real estate, transaction registries, school ratings, crime statistics, census data, and more are available. However, even in these cases, data can be outdated or updated slowly and with difficulty.

In many other countries, like Russia, Germany, Indonesia, there are no public transaction registries. Data in government registries are often unreliable as people may understate transaction values in official documents to avoid taxes or for other reasons, and some or all of the transaction amount may be conducted in cash. Even data on mortgage transactions don’t always reflect the real picture, as property valuations are often inflated to obtain larger loans.

Listing boards, while available in most countries, often contain inaccurate or false information. Realtors, especially newcomers, may create fake listings to attract clients and build a potential buyer database.

Thus, while the application of AI in the real estate market is possible, it first requires the development of technologies for collecting, processing, and even creating data to fill existing gaps. We will discuss how this can be implemented next.

How the Realtor Market Works in Developing Countries

On any real estate market, most transactions (ranging from 55 to 99% depending on the market) involve realtors. Real estate agencies or companies hire employees, train them, and in 99 out of 100 cases, their pay comes in the form of a share of the commission from transactions, usually split 50/50 between the agency and the agent. Agencies provide their employees with necessary resources, including client acquisition, office space, websites, business cards, etc. Agents, in turn, process requests and close deals. The extent of realtors' involvement in transactions varies by region: in Moscow, for example, the share of agency transactions in the new construction segment is about 30%, while in Dubai or New York, this figure exceeds 95%. The question arises: is it possible to completely eliminate realtors from the property sales process and move transactions online? This question is relevant as buying real estate for many is a critically important decision requiring human participation and support, both psychologically and procedurally. Real estate transactions are often complex and convoluted, and a small mistake can have serious consequences. The future role of realtors in real estate sales remains an open question.

Great, now that we have briefly covered all related fields and problems of how the real estate market operates, we can move on to AI in real estate and speculate on how the market will develop with this technology.
Tasks AI Already Solves That Were Previously Impossible

For retail and institutional investors, as well as end buyers, one of the key questions in real estate remains relevant: what to buy and why, as well as when and for how much to sell? Today, property choice is often limited to knowledge of a single area, city, or market segment, as comprehensive information is UNAVAILABLE to anyone. Realtors, spending years studying certain markets, usually possess only a limited part of the information, not exceeding 10% of the total market data volume, and certainly can't accurately say which of the 10 cities is the best for investment and why.

For example, in the stock market, data is public and reliable. Data is regulated and visible to everyone - there are almost no advantages for anyone (there were in the early stages of stock market technology development, but now the advantages are very minimal).

If there were a possibility to use AI to analyze the real estate market, similar to the stock market, it could be a significant advantage, akin to foreseeing changes in the Nasdaq index a week before it becomes common knowledge.

AI in real estate is already starting to perform many functions at a human level (it's important to understand that even if it surpasses the average human in analytical tasks and information gathering, it's already significant progress), and in some tasks, it's better than 99% of experts. If AI works better than 99% of experts, its influence on the market will become monopolistic.

The difference between AI and a human is that it can perform tasks millions of times per second without sleep or geographical limitations, without subjective opinions and human errors. Having an efficiently working AI is equivalent to having a staff of thousands, as if it works better than 99% of experts and a thousand times more efficiently, people will increasingly rely on AI judgments first and then turn to humans (if they don't find a solution or answer).

A Brief Comment on What We Call AI: AI differs from a simple calculator in that it can perform tasks at a human level or even better. These tasks are not algorithmic: for example, a calculator can calculate better than a human, but cannot create a business plan considering all factors. Initially, AI will be compared for accuracy with humans, first with the average, then with professionals, and only after that will it be a comparison of machine against machine, because "human-level quality" of task resolution will be passed very quickly in almost any task in real estate

For example, here's an interesting slide about how AI surpassed humans in chess a long time ago, and humans are no longer competitors to AI in this field, but until 2005, this was still not widely believed
Below is information about the functions that AI already performs in the real estate sector, how effectively and accurately it does so, and whether it surpasses a human analyst (these assessments are based on my perception; experiments have not yet been conducted, but I believe that by 2024, public results will start to emerge) Real Estate Search and Analysis of 100+ Cities, 20,000 Districts, Millions of Listings Real Estate Valuation and All Related Aspects
New Opportunities for People That Didn't Exist Before Freedom of Choice and Openness of Information

Most people buy real estate where they were born or where they have lived most of their lives. The lack of data on other locations and opportunities narrows people's choices to what they know and understand. Although at any given moment there are the top 10% of cities or locations in the world that are the best to live or invest in, logically 90% of people are unaware of this, otherwise, they would be buying real estate exactly there. Thus, in real estate, there exists a global geographical arbitrage worth trillions of dollars
For example, in London's cheapest area, Barking, the average prices are $6500 per square meter, whereas Dubai Hills in Dubai offers business-class homes at $6300 per square meter. The cost difference between these places is significant, but many are unaware of such opportunities. The real difference between these two places is 300% (meaning sell in London and buy 3 similar quality properties in Dubai). This means that any property owner in Barking could sell their property today and purchase three similar properties, renting out two of them, and potentially never having to work again.
And this is not just an example of Dubai and London. On the website, you can find hundreds of similar examples in 114 cities, with over 20,000 neighborhoods (each city is divided into neighborhoods) where you can move from a less desirable neighborhood in an old city to a fantastic neighborhood in a new or lesser-known city and receive a substantial cash bonus. Moreover, the safety and infrastructure at the new location maybe even better.
Based on my estimates, at least 300 million people could potentially benefit from geographical arbitrage right now and enjoy the rest of their lives doing what they love without having to work again.

Identifying the most promising markets and opportunities can only be done by AI, as humans do not have access to such a vast amount of data for analysis. AI enables us to compare neighborhoods within a single city, projects, and even different cities, as well as various neighborhoods and projects in different cities, and most importantly, their growth prospects (while analysts may predict the growth of a city, they cannot accurately predict and compare 20,000 neighborhoods in 100+ cities to identify the best one).
Reducing errors and deception

There are situations where someone buys real estate and encounters unforeseen problems: real estate agents may withhold important information or intentionally not disclose all details, such as the upcoming construction of a railway nearby, even if this information was available. Purchasing properties with "hidden pitfalls" is becoming increasingly challenging, and selling such properties is even more problematic. Here is how an AI analysis of a specific project looks:

Selling undesirable real estate with such in-depth analysis and transparency of information will be extremely challenging.
Choosing the top 1% of growing locations or the best properties will become easier.

At the initial stages of AI implementation in the real estate market, its application will be relatively straightforward. However, as it becomes more widespread, the price difference between the best and worst real estate (where the "best" is often considered the most undervalued) will become less noticeable (although people believe that if the property is defect-free and priced reasonably, it's already excellent). Currently, the price difference between the top 10% and bottom 10% of residential complexes in one city can be as much as a 2-fold difference (one project increases by 30%, while another decreases by 30%, with the initial prices being the same).

In the future, fair pricing will be determined more accurately, and the opportunity to acquire high-quality real estate at very low prices will gradually diminish, starting with local markets and eventually comparing different cities. However, this opportunity is not widely known at the moment - use this advantage.
Investor Access to Emerging, More Promising Markets

Currently, there is no reliable data on which real estate market is best for investment. Large capital from Europe and the USA traditionally invests in local real estate markets, where they settle for a 4-5% annual return. At the same time, emerging markets can offer returns that are 3-5 times higher with relatively low risks. However, the lack of transparent information limits the flow of large investment capital into emerging markets that need it the most. This creates a significant imbalance in the value between well-known and traditionally less popular locations.

Reducing Real Estate Transaction Fees from an average of 10% for property exchange (sale and purchase) to 2-3%.

AI can serve more people and generally performs better than the average realtor, without requiring a 50% commission payment, as is necessary with human agents. With the simplification of the moving process within one city and between countries, people will be able to move more often, which, in turn, will lead to significant growth in the real estate market.

Currently, to sell a property in one city and move to another, a person usually has to pay about 10% of the transaction value in direct and indirect fees (5% for the sale and around 5% for the purchase of new property). Thus, the total expenses for the move are approximately 10%. If these costs are reduced to 3%, the secondary real estate market will become much more mobile, and the number of transactions will increase. The trend of remote work will also contribute to this process.

AI vs. Realtor or in Favor of Realtor?

I have previously described arguments against real estate agents, and I will continue this topic now. Realtors are likely to be unable to compete with AI unless they resort to lobbying and banning or licensing AI (this may happen in the United States and Canada, while in other countries, realtor lobbying poses a weaker threat to AI).

From the perspective of real estate agency owners, their main goal, in addition to increasing sales, is to reduce costs. In this context, real estate agents in their agencies are the primary expense (earning commissions ranging from 30% to 80% of the agency's income). If there is a way to increase the profitability of the business by replacing realtors with AI or partially replacing the human process with AI and reducing commissions to realtors, they will do it.

AI already offers better advice and analytics than most realtors in terms of communication and responses to client questions. However, it is not yet widespread in the market. But AI products (such as AI chatbots or voice assistants) will begin to emerge in mass in 2024.

Realtors may follow the fate of stockbrokers, continuing their activity but focusing on serving wealthy and VIP clients. Their impact on the market and income will likely decrease tenfold in the near future, with these resources being redistributed in favor of companies providing AI services in real estate.

And most importantly, this could stimulate significant market growth (in terms of total volume and the number of transactions) by tens of percent in the next five years, benefiting realtors who embrace AI early. Those who resist and oppose these changes are likely to either leave the market or focus on client categories that will adopt technology more slowly, such as elderly people who prefer using button phones.

As an illustrative example, consider the possibility of creating an electronic realtor on the platform right now, without the need for coding and prior preparation. Such a realtor would be more objective and work in the client's interest, rather than being motivated by commissions.

The only thing it currently lacks is detailed knowledge of prices, projects, the local market, and its nuances. However, this information is already available through Thus, it can be assumed that a full-fledged smart AI realtor for the UAE market will emerge soon, and thanks to the API, dozens of similar AI realtors will soon appear in different countries.

In conclusion, realtors who adopt AI tools now will be able to earn a substantial fortune in the near future. Those who resist and oppose these changes are likely to be forced out of the market or will focus on client categories to which technology will penetrate more slowly, such as elderly people who prefer using button phones.
How to Profit from This
Currently, only a small number of people are aware of the existence of AI in real estate, giving a significant advantage over the market and other participants. However, in a couple of years, these opportunities will become more commonplace, and the potential income from their use will become more modest. As more people begin to utilize these tools, the advantage of their individual use will diminish.

Below, I outline what I believe are the most promising opportunities for profiting in this field:

Real Estate Investments In real estate, AI opens up two intriguing investment strategies that were previously nearly inaccessible. Each of these strategies has the potential to grow capital from $1 million (insert your own amount) to 10 times that amount (up to $10 million) over a period of 5 to 10 years.

Strategy 1 - Buying at a Discount and Reselling at Market Price: You can use AI to identify real estate properties that are selling at a discount or considered overvalued. After purchasing such real estate and waiting for its value to increase, you can resell it at market price, generating a profit.
The essence of the strategy is to find real estate that is priced 15% below the market value: 10% for profit and 5% to cover transaction costs and taxes. Regardless of market fluctuations, the goal is to sell such real estate at its market value. The faster the sale occurs, the better: if the cycle takes not a year but 6 months, you can increase the amount from $1 million to $10 million in 25 transactions, or in 12 years. With the use of financial leverage, this can be achieved in 12 transactions and in 5-6 years. Real estate can be found and sold without making improvements; you can calculate the value after renovations, taking into account investments - this is not essential. The key point is that AI can calculate this more efficiently and is already actively doing so.

Please note that taxes and expenses related to the sale or search for such real estate should be added on top of your calculations (I didn't mention this because different markets have different expenses and taxes).

Here is the link to the calculations
Artificial intelligence can and is already being used to create a real estate pipeline with discounts. This is achieved through automated valuation models (AVMs), where each property entering the market undergoes an assessment and enters the pipeline. More detailed principles of how this system works are described here.

However, after five years of working on AI development, we have come to the conclusion that such a business model may seem dull. It requires a lot of movement and activity and is often more suitable for small companies. When working with a substantial amount of data, a large number of human resources is needed. Moreover, such models are rarely funded by banks, and non-banking capital is not always available in many countries around the world. For example, in Russia or the UAE, there are no financial products similar to Hard Money Loans, which represent a $30 billion industry in the United States.

Pros of the strategy:

  1. It is possible and works in any market, especially where there are no or deferred capital gains taxes (e.g., the 1031 exchange in the United States or in the UAE before the introduction of the 9% profit tax in 2023).
  2. Particularly effective in markets with well-developed financing options for such deals, such as the United States, England, Australia, and others.

Cons of the strategy:

  1. Continuously searching for such properties without software assistance can be challenging since there are not many property owners willing to sell at a 15% discount.
  2. It requires a high volume of transactions to grow capital, which can be resource-intensive.
Strategy #2: Smart Market and Project Selection
Strategy 2 - Investing in Growing Locations: The second strategy that can lead to an increase in capital from 1 million to 10 million dollars involves making the right choices for just two projects over 10 years. This means selecting a market where the growth over 5 years would be approximately as follows:

  1. 15% in the first year,
  2. 15% in the second year,
  3. 11% in the third year,
  4. 7% in the fourth year,
  5. 5% in the fifth year.

For example, Dubai's real estate market has been demonstrating an average annual price growth of 15% since 2020. Currently, in 2024, the growth is around 11%. Some projects in Dubai have shown growth of 400% since 2020. The best projects within the top 10% over the last 4 years have exhibited an average annual growth rate of more than 30%. This Dubai example illustrates that finding a market and project with high growth rates is entirely possible with the right choices while avoiding risks related to defaults or property destruction.

Taxes and expenses related to the sale or search for such property should be added on top of these calculations (I didn't mention them because different markets have different expenses and taxes).

Here is a link to the calculations:
Under such a strategy, it's crucial to make two correct project selections over 10 years. The actions involve:

  1. Buying one property and, after a year, evaluating it to gain extra funds from its increased value. You then purchase another property in the same market (or project) and continue this process for five years.
  2. On the fifth year, you sell everything and invest in market #2 (or project #2) and repeat the process for another five years.

The key point is to make the right choices for two markets, and the rest becomes a matter of technique.

Here's a brief explanation: In developed real estate markets, you can take out a loan to purchase a property and then order a reappraisal after a year. If the property's value has increased, this allows you to free up funds for purchasing the next property in the same project. Thanks to previous experience, you are already familiar with the project, making it easier to buy new properties with the released funds. Furthermore, having neighbors willing to help with off-market property purchases often enables you to save 5% to 15% off the market value.

Other strategies, such as renovation, construction, subdividing, or changing the property's use, often involve a significant amount of manual labor, paperwork, and additional complexities. This strategy focuses on the accessibility of all markets worldwide and the right choice, which doesn't require significant effort and isn't dependent on government authorities that can disrupt even the most promising investments.

Can AI significantly increase the chances of successfully selecting the market and project? Absolutely. By analyzing all markets and projects, AI can compare prospects in different locations, which is not feasible for humans due to the vast amount of information. AI can also predict when the market's potential is diminishing and it's time to exit a project. This becomes noticeable in advance on the AI's dashboard and forecasts regarding market and project prospects.

Important Notes:

In both the first and second strategies, it's crucial to:

  • Make the right project selection.
  • When buying during the construction phase, avoid defaults (choosing markets with escrow accounts is one option).
  • Consider entrusting additional due diligence of the developer to AI, which can reduce these risks but not eliminate them entirely.
  • Refinance in a timely manner and buy additional properties in the same project when necessary.
Investing in AI startups
The distinction between a startup and a conventional business lies in the fact that a startup can experience growth of over 100 times within a relatively short period, unlike what we typically associate with a business. A startup is essentially a business but with the potential to grow exponentially, like it's on steroids. In a regular business, such a growth dynamic is almost never feasible (for instance, it's easier for a startup selling software subscriptions to grow 100-fold in 5 years than to open a hundred restaurants instead of one).

The most advanced startups, those currently valued higher than others by the market, emerge when there is a shift in market paradigms and user behavior, or when new technologies emerge and proliferate (such as the internet, smartphones, and now, artificial intelligence).
The largest slice of the real estate market that an AI-based company can capture includes:

  1. Classifieds Market
  2. Realtor Market (Buying/Selling): AI can streamline and enhance the buying and selling process in the real estate industry.
  3. Market Analytics and Forecasting: AI can provide superior data analysis and market forecasting capabilities.
This is because AI is poised to perform these tasks better and faster than humans in the near future. Following these areas, there are other domains where AI can make significant inroads, such as document generation (replacing lawyers), security, building design (replacing architects), and construction optimization.